RWD Grid View

CSS Tutorial


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CSS Advanced


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CSS Responsive

CSS Grid

CSS Grid Layout Module

HTML
				
					<h1>Grid Layout</h1>
<p>This grid layout contains six columns and three rows:</p>
<div class="grid-container">
  <div class="item1">Header</div>
  <div class="item2">Menu</div>
  <div class="item3">Main</div>  
  <div class="item4">Right</div>
  <div class="item5">Footer</div>
</div>
				
			

CSS

				
					.item1 { grid-area: header; }
.item2 { grid-area: menu; }
.item3 { grid-area: main; }
.item4 { grid-area: right; }
.item5 { grid-area: footer; }

.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-areas:
    'header header header header header header'
    'menu main main main right right'
    'menu footer footer footer footer footer';
  gap: 10px;
  background-color: #2196F3;
  padding: 10px;
}

.grid-container > div {
  background-color: grey;
  color:white;
  text-align: center;
  padding: 20px 0;
  font-size: 30px;
}
				
			

Output

Grid Layout

This grid layout contains six columns and three rows:

Header
Menu
Main
Right
Footer

Grid Elements

A grid layout has a parent element, with one or more child elements.

HTML
				
					<h1>Grid Elements</h1>

<p>A Grid Layout must have a parent element with the <em>display</em> property set to <em>grid</em> or <em>inline-grid</em>.</p>

<p>Direct child element(s) of the grid container automatically becomes grid items.</p>

<div class="grid-container">
  <div class="grid-item">1</div>
  <div class="grid-item">2</div>
  <div class="grid-item">3</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">4</div>
  <div class="grid-item">5</div>
  <div class="grid-item">6</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">7</div>
  <div class="grid-item">8</div>
  <div class="grid-item">9</div>  
</div>
				
			
CSS
				
					.flex-container {
  display: flex;
  align-items: stretch;
  background-color: #f1f1f1;
}

.flex-container>div {
  background-color: grey;
  color:#fff;
  border: 1px solid #fff;
  padding: 20px;
  font-size: 30px;
  text-align: center;
  width: 100px;
  margin: 10px;
}
				
			

Output

Grid Elements

A Grid Layout must have a parent element with the display property set to grid or inline-grid.

Direct child element(s) of the grid container automatically becomes grid items.

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Display Property

An HTML element changes to a grid container when its display property is set to grid or inline-grid.

HTML
				
					<h1>display: grid</h1>

<p>Use display: grid; to make a block-level grid container:</p>

<div class="grid-container">
  <div class="grid-item">1</div>
  <div class="grid-item">2</div>
  <div class="grid-item">3</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">4</div>
  <div class="grid-item">5</div>
  <div class="grid-item">6</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">7</div>
  <div class="grid-item">8</div>
  <div class="grid-item">9</div>  
</div>
				
			
CSS
				
					.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: auto auto auto;
  background-color: #2196F3;
  padding: 10px;
}

.grid-item {
  background-color: grey;
  border: 1px solid #fff;
  color:#fff;
  padding: 20px;
  font-size: 30px;
  text-align: center;
}
				
			

Output

display: grid

Use display: grid; to make a block-level grid container:

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Another Example

HTML
				
					<h1>display: inline-grid</h1>

<p>Use display: inline-grid; to make an inline grid container:</p>

<div class="grid-container">
  <div class="grid-item">1</div>
  <div class="grid-item">2</div>
  <div class="grid-item">3</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">4</div>
  <div class="grid-item">5</div>
  <div class="grid-item">6</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">7</div>
  <div class="grid-item">8</div>
  <div class="grid-item">9</div>  
</div>
				
			
CSS
				
					.grid-container {
  display: inline-grid;
  grid-template-columns: auto auto auto;
  background-color: #2196F3;
  padding: 10px;
}

.grid-item {
  background-color: grey;
  border: 1px solid #fff;
  color:#fff;
  padding: 20px;
  font-size: 30px;
  text-align: center;
}
				
			

Output

display: inline-grid

Use display: inline-grid; to make an inline grid container:

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All direct children of the grid container automatically become grid items.

The gap size can be adjusted by using one of the following properties:

  • column-gap.
  • row-gap.
  • gap

The column-gap property is used to set the gap between the columns:

HTML
				
					<h1>The column-gap Property</h1>
<p>Use the <em>column-gap</em> property to adjust the space between the columns:</p>
<div class="grid-container">
  <div class="grid-item">1</div>
  <div class="grid-item">2</div>
  <div class="grid-item">3</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">4</div>
  <div class="grid-item">5</div>
  <div class="grid-item">6</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">7</div>
  <div class="grid-item">8</div>
  <div class="grid-item">9</div>  
</div>

				
			
CSS
				
					.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  column-gap: 50px;
  grid-template-columns: auto auto auto;
  background-color: #2196F3;
  padding: 10px;
}

.grid-item {
  background-color: grey;
  border: 1px solid #fff;
  color:#fff;
  padding: 20px;
  font-size: 30px;
  text-align: center;
}
				
			

Output

The column-gap Property

Use the column-gap property to adjust the space between the columns:

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9

The row-gap property is used to set the gap between the rows

HTML
				
					<h1>The row-gap Property</h1>

<p>Use the <em>row-gap</em> property to adjust the space between the rows:</p>

<div class="grid-container">
  <div class="grid-item">1</div>
  <div class="grid-item">2</div>
  <div class="grid-item">3</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">4</div>
  <div class="grid-item">5</div>
  <div class="grid-item">6</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">7</div>
  <div class="grid-item">8</div>
  <div class="grid-item">9</div>  
</div>
				
			
CSS
				
					.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  row-gap: 50px;
  grid-template-columns: auto auto auto;
  background-color: #2196F3;
  padding: 10px;
}

.grid-item {
  background-color: grey;
  border: 1px solid #fff;
  color:#fff;
  padding: 20px;
  font-size: 30px;
  text-align: center;
}
				
			

Output

The row-gap Property

Use the row-gap property to adjust the space between the rows:

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9

The gap property is a shorthand property applied for the row-gap and the column-gap properties:

HTML
				
					<h1>The gap Property</h1>
<p>Use the <em>gap</em> shorthand property to adjust the space between the columns and rows.</p>
<div class="grid-container">
  <div class="grid-item">1</div>
  <div class="grid-item">2</div>
  <div class="grid-item">3</div> 
  <div class="grid-item">4</div>
  <div class="grid-item">5</div>
  <div class="grid-item">6</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">7</div>
  <div class="grid-item">8</div>
  <div class="grid-item">9</div>  
</div>
				
			
CSS
				
					.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  gap: 50px 100px;
  grid-template-columns: auto auto auto;
  background-color: #2196F3;
  padding: 10px;
}

.grid-item {
  background-color: grey;
  border: #fff;
  color:#fff;
  padding: 20px;
  font-size: 30px;
  text-align: center;
}
				
			

Output

The gap Property

Use the gap shorthand property to adjust the space between the columns and rows.

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The gap property sets both the row gap and the column gap in one value:

HTML
				
					<h1>The gap Property:</h1>

<p>Use the <em>gap</em> shorthand property to adjust the space between the columns and rows:</p>

<div class="grid-container">
  <div class="grid-item">1</div>
  <div class="grid-item">2</div>
  <div class="grid-item">3</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">4</div>
  <div class="grid-item">5</div>
  <div class="grid-item">6</div>  
  <div class="grid-item">7</div>
  <div class="grid-item">8</div>
  <div class="grid-item">9</div>  
</div>
				
			
CSS
				
					.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  gap: 50px;
  grid-template-columns: auto auto auto;
  background-color: #2196F3;
  padding: 10px;
}

.grid-item {
  background-color: grey;
  border: 1px solid #fff;
  color:#fff;
  padding: 20px;
  font-size: 30px;
  text-align: center;
}
				
			

Output

The gap Property:

Use the gap shorthand property to adjust the space between the columns and rows:

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9

Grid Lines

The lines between columns are called column lines.

The lines between rows are called row lines.

Insert a grid item at column line 1, and let it end on column line 3:

HTML
				
					<h1>Grid Lines</h1>

<div class="grid-container">
  <div class="item1">1</div>
  <div class="item2">2</div>
  <div class="item3">3</div>  
  <div class="item4">4</div>
  <div class="item5">5</div>
  <div class="item6">6</div>
  <div class="item7">7</div>
  <div class="item8">8</div>  
</div>
<p>You can refer to line numbers when placing grid items.</p>
				
			
CSS
				
					.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: auto auto auto;
  gap: 10px;
  background-color: #2196F3;
  padding: 10px;
}

.grid-container > div {
  background-color: grey;
  color:#fff;
  text-align: center;
  padding: 20px 0;
  font-size: 30px;
}

.item1 {
  grid-column-start: 1;
  grid-column-end: 3;
}
				
			

Output

Grid Lines

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You can refer to line numbers when placing grid items.

Insert a grid item at row line 1, and let it end on row line 3:

CSS
				
					.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: auto auto auto;
  gap: 10px;
  background-color: #2196F3;
  padding: 10px;
}

.grid-container > div {
  background-color: grey;
  color:#fff;
  text-align: center;
  padding: 20px 0;
  font-size: 30px;
}

.item1 {
  grid-row-start: 1;
  grid-row-end: 3;
}
				
			

Output

Grid Lines

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

You can refer to line numbers when placing grid items.


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