JS Location

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JS Location

The window.location object retrieves the current page address (URL) and redirects the browser to a new page.

The window.location object is written without the window prefix.

Some examples

  • location.href is used to return the href (URL) of the current page
  • location.hostname is used to return the domain name of the web host
  • location.pathname is used to return the path and filename of the current page
  • location.protocol returns the web protocol HTTPS (HTTP: or https:)
  • location.assign() loads a new document

Window Location Href

The window.location.href property is used to return the URL of the current page.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<h2>JavaScript</h2>

<h3>The window.location object</h3>

<p id=”demo”></p>

<script>

document.getElementById(“demo”).innerHTML =

“The full URL of this page is:<br>” + window.location.href;

</script>

</body>

</html>

Output

JavaScript

The window.location object

Window Location Hostname

The window.location.hostname property is used to return the name of the internet host (of the current page).

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<h2>JavaScript</h2>

<h3>The window.location object</h3>

<p id=”demo”></p>

<script>

document.getElementById(“demo”).innerHTML =

“Page hostname is: ” + window.location.hostname;

</script>

</body>

</html>

Output

JavaScript

The window.location object

www.mywebhostguru.com

Window Location Pathname

The window.location.pathname property returns the pathname of the current page.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<h2>JavaScript</h2>

<h3>The window.location object</h3>

<p id=”demo”></p>

<script>

document.getElementById(“demo”).innerHTML =

“Page path is: ” + window.location.pathname;

</script>

</body>

</html>

Output

JavaScript

The window.location object

Page path is: /js/tryit.php

Window Location Protocol

The window.location.protocol property is used to return the web protocol of the page.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<h2>JavaScript</h2>

<h3>The window.location object</h3>

<p id=”demo”></p>

<script>

document.getElementById(“demo”).innerHTML =

“The page protocol is: ” + window.location.protocol;

</script>

Output

JavaScript

The window.location object

The page protocol is: https:

Window Location Port

The window.location.port property is used to return the number of the internet host port (of the current page).

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<h2>JavaScript</h2>

<h3>The window.location object</h3>

<p id=”demo”></p>

<p><b>Note: </b>If the port number is default (80 for http and 443 for https), most browsers will display 0 or nothing.</p>

<script>

document.getElementById(“demo”).innerHTML =

“The URL port number of the current page is: ” + window.location.port;

</script>

</body>

</html>

Output

JavaScript

The window.location object

Note: If the port number is default (80 for http and 443 for https), most browsers will display 0 or nothing.

Window Location Assign

The window.location.assign() method is used to loads a new document.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<h2>JavaScript</h2>

<h3>The window.location object</h3>

<input type=”button” value=”Load new document” onclick=”newDoc()”>

<script>

function newDoc() {

 window.location.assign(“https://www.w3schools.com“)

}

</script>

</body>

</html>

Output

JavaScript

The window.location object


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