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HTML Multimedia

Multimedia on the web is defined as sound, music, videos, movies, and animations.

What is Multimedia?

Multimedia is available in different formats. It can be referred to as anything related to hearing or seeing, like images, music, sound, videos, records, films, animations, and more.

Web pages contain multimedia elements of different types in various formats.

rowser Support

Old web browsers supported text only, limited to a single font in a single color.

Later came browsers that supported colors, fonts, images, and multimedia.

Multimedia Formats

  • Multimedia elements like audio or video are stored in the form of media files.
  • To know the type of file, you can look is at the file extension.
  • Multimedia files have formats with different extensions like: .wav, .mp3, .mp4, .mpg, .wmv, and .avi.

Common Video Formats

  • There are many video formats available.
  • The MP4, WebM, and Ogg formats are supported by HTML.
  • YouTube recommends the MP4 format.

Format

File

Description

MPEG

.mpg
.mpeg

MPEG. Was developed by the Moving Pictures Expert Group.

It was the first popular video format on the web.

It is no longer supported anymore in HTML.

AVI

.avi

AVI (Audio Video Interleave). Developed by Microsoft.

 It is used in video cameras and TV hardware.

WMV

.wmv

WMV (Windows Media Video). Developed by Microsoft.

Works well on Windows computers, but not in web browsers.

QuickTime

.mov

QuickTime. Developed by Apple.

 Works well on Apple computers, but not in web browsers.

RealVideo

.rm
.ram

RealVideo. Developed by Real Media.

Allows video streaming with low bandwidths.

Does not works in web browsers.

Flash

.swf
.flv

Flash. Developed by Macromedia.

Requires plug-in to play in web browsers.

Ogg

.ogg

Theora Ogg. Developed by the Xiph.Org Foundation.

It is supported by HTML.

WebM

.webm

WebM. Developed by Mozilla, Opera, Adobe, and Google.

MPEG-4
or MP4

.mp4

MP4. Developed by the Moving Pictures Expert Group.

Recommended by YouTube. 

Common Audio Formats

MP3 is the top format for compressed recorded music.

Format

File

Description

MIDI

.mid
.midi

MIDI stands for Musical Instrument Digital Interface.

It is the main format for all electronic music devices.

RealAudio

.rm
.ram

RealAudio. Developed by Real Media.

Allows the streaming of audio with low bandwidths.

It is not played in web browsers.

WMA

.wma

WMA (Windows Media Audio). Developed by Microsoft.

It plays well on Windows computers, but not in web browsers.

AAC

.aac

AAC (Advanced Audio Coding). Developed by Apple.

It is the default format for iTunes.

Plays well on Apple computers, but not in web browsers.

WAV

.wav

WAV. Developed by IBM and Microsoft.

It works well on Windows, Macintosh, and Linux operating systems.

Ogg

.ogg

Ogg. Developed by the Xiph.Org Foundation and is supported by HTML.

MP3

.mp3

MP3 files are actually the sound part of MPEG files.

MP3 is the most popular format for music players.

MP4

.mp4

MP4 is a video format, but can also be used for audio.

It is supported by all browsers.


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