Html Introduction

HTML Tutorial

HTML Forms

HTML Graphics

HTML Media

HTML API

Html Introduction

  • HTML is defined as the standard markup language for creating Web pages.

What is an HTML?

  • HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language.
  • HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages.
  • HTML defines the structure of a Web page.
  • HTML consists of a series of elements.
  • HTML elements indicate the browser’s how to display the content.
  • HTML elements label pieces of content such as “this is a heading”, “this is a paragraph”, “this is a link”, etc.

A Simple HTML Document

Example:

				
					<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Page Title</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>
</body>
</html>


				
			

Example Explained

  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration describes that this document is an HTML5 document.
  • The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page.
  • The <head> element consists of meta information about the HTML page.
  • The <title> element mentions the title for the HTML page.
  • The <body> element defines the document’s body, and is a container for all the contents that is visible, such as headings, paragraphs, images, hyperlinks, tables, lists, etc.
  • The <h1> element defines a large heading.
  • The <p> element defines a paragraph.

What is mean by HTML Element?

An HTML element is defined by a start tag, some content, and an end tag:

<tagname> Content goes here… </tagname>

The HTML element includes everything from the start tag to the end tag:

<h1>My First Heading</h1>

<p>My first paragraph.</p>

Like:

Start tag </h1>  Element content  </h1> End tag

 

Web Browsers

All the HTML documents are displayed in the web browser (Chrome, Edge, Firefox, Safari) whose purpose is to display the HTML contents correctly.

A browser does not display the HTML tags directly, instead uses them to understand  how to display the document:

html web browser

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