Git Amend

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Git Amend

Git commit --amend

commit –amend modifies the most recent commit.

It combines the latest commit with the changing stag environment and creates a new commit.

Hence, the new commit is replaced with the latest commit entirely.

Git Amend Commit Message

Git –amend allows you to change a commit message.

Now, update the README.md and commit:

Example

[user@localhost] $ git commit -m “Adding plines to reddme”

[master 07c5bc5] Adding plines to reddme

1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Check the log:

[user@localhost] $ git log –oneline

07c5bc5 (HEAD -> master) Adding plines to reddme

9a9add8 (origin/master) Added .gitignore

81912ba Corrected spelling error

3fdaa5b Merge pull request #1 from webhostguru/update-readme

836e5bf (origin/update-readme, update-readme) Updated readme for GitHub Branches

daf4f7c (origin/html-skeleton, html-skeleton) Updated index.html with basic meta

facaeae (gh-page/master) Merge branch ‘master’ of https://github.com/webhostguru/hello-world

e7de78f Updated index.html. Resized image

5a04b6f Updated README.md with a line about focus

d29d69f Updated README.md with a line about GitHub

e0b6038 merged with hello-world-images after fixing conflicts

1f1584e added new image

dfa79db updated index.html with emergency fix

0312c55 Added image to Hello World

09f4acd Updated index.html with a new line

221ec6e First release of Hello World!

As we can see that the commit message is full of spelling errors. Let’s amend that:

Example

[user@localhost] $ git commit –amend -m “Added lines to README.md”

[master eaa69ce] Added lines to README.md

 Date: Thu Apr 22 12:18:52 2021 +0200

 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-))

Re-Check the log:

[user@localhost] $ git log –oneline

eaa69ce (HEAD -> master) Added lines to README.md

9a9add8 (origin/master) Added .gitignore

81912ba Corrected spelling error

3fdaa5b Merge pull request #1 from webhostguru/update-readme

836e5bf (origin/update-readme, update-readme) Updated readme for GitHub Branches

daf4f7c (origin/html-skeleton, html-skeleton) Updated index.html with basic meta

facaeae (gh-page/master) Merge branch ‘master’ of https://github.com/webhostguru/hello-world

e7de78f Updated index.html. Resized image

5a04b6f Updated README.md with a line about focus

d29d69f Updated README.md with a line about GitHub

e0b6038 merged with hello-world-images after fixing conflicts

1f1584e added new image

dfa79db updated index.html with emergency fix

0312c55 Added image to Hello World

09f4acd Updated index.html with a new line

221ec6e First release of Hello World!

Now, the previous commit is replaced with the amended one.

Git Amend Files:

As we see above, adding the files with –amend works in a similar way. Remember to add them to the staging environment before committing.


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