CSS Margin

CSS Tutorial


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CSS Advanced


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CSS Responsive

CSS Grid

CSS Margins

Margins are used for creating space around elements, outside of any specified borders.

CSS provides full control over the margins. There are properties for setting the margin for each side of an element (top, right, bottom, and left).

Margin – Individual Sides

CSS has properties that specify the margin for each side of an element:

  • margin-top
  • margin-right
  • margin-bottom
  • margin-left

All the margin properties might have the following values:

  • auto – the browser calculates the margin.
  • length – specifies a margin in px, pt, cm, etc.
  • % – specifies a margin in % of the width of the element.
  • inherit – specifies that the margin must be inherited from the parent element
HTML
				
					<h2>Using individual margin properties</h2>
<div>This div element has a top margin of 25px, a right margin of 50px, a bottom margin of 50px, and a left margin of 50px.</div>
				
			
CSS
				
					div {
  border: 1px solid black;
  margin-top: 25px;
  margin-bottom: 50px;
  margin-right: 50px;
  margin-left: 50px;
  background-color: lightblue;
}
				
			

Output

Margin Collapse

Top and bottom margins of elements are sometimes combined into a single margin which is equal to the largest of the two margins.

This is applicable for only top and bottom margins.

HTML
				
					<p>In this example the h1 element has a bottom margin of 50px and the h2 element has a top margin of 20px. So, the vertical margin between h1 and h2 should have been 70px (50px + 20px). However, due to margin collapse, the actual margin ends up being 50px.</p>
<h1>Heading 1</h1>
<h2>Heading 2</h2>
</body>
</html>

				
			
CSS
				
					h1 {
  margin: 0 0 50px 0;
}

h2 {
  margin: 20px 0 0 0;
}
				
			

In the example above, the <h1> consists of bottom margin of 50px and the <h2> element has a top margin set to 20px.

Output

margin collaps

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