CSS Flex Items

CSS Tutorial


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CSS Advanced


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CSS Responsive

CSS Grid

CSS Flex-Items

Child Elements (Items)

The direct child elements of a flex container automatically become flexible (flex) items.

HTML
				
					<h6>Flexible Items</h6>
<div class="flex-container">
  <div>1</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div>3</div> 
  <div>4</div>
</div>
<p>All direct children of a flexible container becomes flexible items.</p>
				
			

CSS

				
					.flex-container {
  display: flex;
  background-color: #f1f1f1;
}

.flex-container > div {
  background-color: DodgerBlue;
  color: white;
  width: 100px;
  margin: 10px;
  text-align: center;
  line-height: 75px;
  font-size: 30px;
}
				
			

Output

Flexible Items
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2
3
4

All direct children of a flexible container becomes flexible items.

The order Property

The order property defines the order of the flex items.

HTML
				
					<h6>The order Property</h6>
<p>Use the order property to sort the flex items as you like:</p>
<div class="flex-container">
  <div style="order: 3">1</div>
  <div style="order: 2">2</div>
  <div style="order: 4">3</div> 
  <div style="order: 1">4</div>
</div>
				
			
CSS
				
					.flex-container {
  display: flex;
  align-items: stretch;
  background-color: #f1f1f1;
}

.flex-container>div {
  background-color: DodgerBlue;
  color: white;
  width: 100px;
  margin: 10px;
  text-align: center;
  line-height: 75px;
  font-size: 30px;
}
				
			

Output

The order Property

Use the order property to sort the flex items as you like:

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2
3
4

The flex-grow Property

The flex-grow property defines how much a flex item grows relative to the rest of the flex items.

HTML
				
					<h6>The flex-grow Property</h6>
<p>Make the third flex item grow eight times faster than the other flex items:</p>
<div class="flex-container">
  <div style="flex-grow: 1">1</div>
  <div style="flex-grow: 1">2</div>
  <div style="flex-grow: 8">3</div>
</div>
				
			
CSS
				
					.flex-container {
  display: flex;
  align-items: stretch;
  background-color: #f1f1f1;
}

.flex-container > div {
  background-color: DodgerBlue;
  color: white;
  margin: 10px;
  text-align: center;
  line-height: 75px;
  font-size: 30px;
}
				
			

Output

The flex-grow Property

Make the third flex item grow eight times faster than the other flex items:

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2
3

The flex-shrink Property

The flex-shrink property defines how much a flex item shrinks relative to the rest of the flex items

HTML
				
					<p>The "flex-direction: row;" stacks the flex items horizontally (from left to right):</p>
<div class="flex-container">
  <div>1</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div>3</div>  
</div>
				
			
CSS
				
					<h6>The flex-shrink Property</h6>
<p>Do not let the third flex item shrink as much as the other flex items:</p>
<div class="flex-container">
  <div>1</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div style="flex-shrink: 0">3</div>
  <div>4</div>
  <div>5</div>
  <div>6</div>
  <div>7</div>
  <div>8</div>
  <div>9</div>
  <div>10</div>
</div>
				
			

Output

The flex-shrink Property

Do not let the third flex item shrink as much as the other flex items:

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10

The flex-basis Property

The flex-basis property defines the initial length of a flex item.

HTML
				
					<h6>The flex-basis Property</h6>
<p>Set the initial length of the third flex item to 200 pixels:</p>
<div class="flex-container">
  <div>1</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div style="flex-basis:200px">3</div>
  <div>4</div>
</div>
				
			
CSS
				
					.flex-container {
  display: flex;
  align-items: stretch;
  background-color: #f1f1f1;
}

.flex-container > div {
  background-color: DodgerBlue;
  color: white;
  width: 100px;
  margin: 10px;
  text-align: center;
  line-height: 75px;
  font-size: 30px;
}
				
			

Output

The flex-basis Property

Set the initial length of the third flex item to 200 pixels:

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4

The flex Property

The flex property is a shorthand property for the flex-grow, flex-shrink, and flex-basis properties.

Make the third flex item not growable (0), not shrinkable (0), and with an initial length of 200 pixels:

HTML
				
					<h6>The flex Property</h6>
<p>Make the third flex item not growable (0), not shrinkable (0), and with an initial length of 200 pixels:</p>
<div class="flex-container">
  <div>1</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div style="flex: 0 0 200px">3</div>
  <div>4</div>
</div>
				
			
CSS
				
					.flex-container {
  display: flex;
  align-items: stretch;
  background-color: #f1f1f1;
}

.flex-container>div {
  background-color: DodgerBlue;
  color: white;
  width: 100px;
  margin: 10px;
  text-align: center;
  line-height: 75px;
  font-size: 30px;
}
				
			

Output

The flex Property

Make the third flex item not growable (0), not shrinkable (0), and with an initial length of 200 pixels:

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2
3
4

The align-self Property

The align-self property defines the alignment for the selected item within the flexible container.

The align-self property overrides the default alignment used by the container’s align-items property.

HTML
				
					<h6>The align-self Property</h6>

<p>The "align-self: center;" aligns the selected flex item in the middle of the container:</p>

<div class="flex-container">
  <div>1</div>
  <div>2</div>
  <div style="align-self: center">3</div>
  <div>4</div>
</div>
<p>The align-self property overrides the align-items property of the container.</p>
				
			
CSS
				
					.flex-container {
  display: flex;
  height: 200px;
  background-color: #f1f1f1;
}

.flex-container > div {
  background-color: DodgerBlue;
  color: white;
  width: 100px;
  margin: 10px;
  text-align: center;
  line-height: 75px;
  font-size: 30px;
}
				
			

Output

The align-self Property

The "align-self: center;" aligns the selected flex item in the middle of the container:

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4

The align-self property overrides the align-items property of the container.

Alignment of the second flex item at the top of the container, and the third flex item at the bottom of the container:

CSS
				
					.flex-container {
  display: flex;
  height: 200px;
  background-color: #f1f1f1;
}

.flex-container > div {
  background-color: DodgerBlue;
  color: white;
  width: 100px;
  margin: 10px;
  text-align: center;
  line-height: 75px;
  font-size: 30px;
}
				
			

Output

The align-self Property
The "align-self: flex-start;" aligns the selected flex item at the top of the container.

The "align-self: flex-end;" aligns the selected flex item at the bottom of the container.

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2
3
4

The align-self property overrides the align-items property of the container.


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