Laravel 9 CRUD Application Tutorial Example

In this article, we will cover up Laravel 9 crud operation using an example. In this example, we will create a product using the crud application in Laravel 9. Create a products table with name and detail column using Laravel 9 migration, then we will create routes, controller, view, and model files for the product module.

Step 1: Install laravel 9

Install a new Laravel 9 application. If you have already created the project, then skip the following step.

composer create-project laravel/laravel example-app

Step 2: Database Configuration

Let’s make a database configuration, and add the database name, MySQL username, and password. Open the .env file and fill in all details like as below:

.env
DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=here your database name(blog)
DB_USERNAME=here database username(root)
DB_PASSWORD=here database password(root)

Read Also: Laravel 9 Form Validation Tutorial Example

Step 3: Create Migration

Create a “products” table using Laravel migration. Use the following command to create a migration file.

php artisan make:migration create_products_table --create=products

After using this command, you will find one file in the following path “database/migrations” and put the below code in your migration file for creating the products table.

<?php
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
  
return new class extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('products', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('name');
            $table->text('detail');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }
  
    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('products');
    }
};

Now you have to run this migration by the following command:

php artisan migrate

Step 4: Create Controller and Model

Create a new resource controller as ProductController. Run the below command and create a new controller. bellow controller for creating resource controller.

php artisan make:controller ProductController --resource --model=Product

After using the below command, you will find a new file in this path “app/Http/Controllers/ProductController.php”.

In this controller will be creating seven methods by default as below methods:

  1. index()
  2. create()
  3. store()
  4. show()
  5. edit()
  6. update()
  7. destroy()

Copy the below code and put it on the ProductController.php file.

app/Http/Controllers/ProductController.php

<?php
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
use App\Models\Product;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
  
class ProductController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Display a listing of the resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function index()
    {
        $products = Product::latest()->paginate(5);
      
        return view('products.index',compact('products'))
            ->with('i', (request()->input('page', 1) - 1) * 5);
    }
  
    /**
     * Show the form for creating a new resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function create()
    {
        return view('products.create');
    }
  
    /**
     * Store a newly created resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function store(Request $request)
    {
        $request->validate([
            'name' => 'required',
            'detail' => 'required',
        ]);
      
        Product::create($request->all());
       
        return redirect()->route('products.index')
                        ->with('success','Product created successfully.');
    }
  
    /**
     * Display the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Models\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function show(Product $product)
    {
        return view('products.show',compact('product'));
    }
  
    /**
     * Show the form for editing the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Models\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function edit(Product $product)
    {
        return view('products.edit',compact('product'));
    }
  
    /**
     * Update the specified resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \App\Models\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function update(Request $request, Product $product)
    {
        $request->validate([
            'name' => 'required',
            'detail' => 'required',
        ]);
      
        $product->update($request->all());
      
        return redirect()->route('products.index')
                        ->with('success','Product updated successfully');
    }
    /**
     * Remove the specified resource from storage.
     *
     * @param  \App\Models\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function destroy(Product $product)
    {
        $product->delete();
       
        return redirect()->route('products.index')
                        ->with('success','Product deleted successfully');
    }
}

Run the below command you will find “app/Models/Product.php” and put the below content in the Product.php file:

app/Models/Product.php

<?php
 
namespace App\Models;
  
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
  
class Product extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;
  
    protected $fillable = [
        'name', 'detail'
    ];
}

Step 5: Add Resource Route

Add resource route for product crud application. Open your “routes/web.php” file and add the following route.

routes/web.php

<?php
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
use App\Http\Controllers\ProductController;
  
/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Web Routes
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here is where you can register web routes for your application. These
| routes are loaded by the RouteServiceProvider within a group that
| contains the "web" middleware group. Now create something great!
|
*/
  
Route::resource('products', ProductController::class);

Step 6: Add Blade Files

Create just blade files. Let’s do this by creating a layout file and then creating new folder “products” and then creating blade files of the crud app. Create the below blade file:

1) layout.blade.php

2) index.blade.php

3) create.blade.php

4) edit.blade.php

5) show.blade.php

Create the following file and put the below code.

resources/views/products/layout.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Laravel 9 CRUD Application</title>
    <link href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>
    
<div class="container">
    @yield('content')
</div>
    
</body>
</html>
resources/views/products/index.blade.php

@extends('products.layout')
 
@section('content')
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
            <div class="pull-left">
                <h2>Laravel 9 CRUD Example from scratch</h2>
            </div>
            <div class="pull-right">
                <a class="btn btn-success" href="{{ route('products.create') }}"> Create New Product</a>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
   
    @if ($message = Session::get('success'))
        <div class="alert alert-success">
            <p>{{ $message }}</p>
        </div>
    @endif
   
    <table class="table table-bordered">
        <tr>
            <th>No</th>
            <th>Name</th>
            <th>Details</th>
            <th width="280px">Action</th>
        </tr>
        @foreach ($products as $product)
        <tr>
            <td>{{ ++$i }}</td>
            <td>{{ $product->name }}</td>
            <td>{{ $product->detail }}</td>
            <td>
                <form action="{{ route('products.destroy',$product->id) }}" method="POST">
   
                    <a class="btn btn-info" href="{{ route('products.show',$product->id) }}">Show</a>
    
                    <a class="btn btn-primary" href="{{ route('products.edit',$product->id) }}">Edit</a>
   
                    @csrf
                    @method('DELETE')
      
                    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-danger">Delete</button>
                </form>
            </td>
        </tr>
        @endforeach
    </table>
  
    {!! $products->links() !!}
      
@endsection
resources/views/products/create.blade.php

@extends('products.layout')
  
@section('content')
<div class="row">
    <div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
        <div class="pull-left">
            <h2>Add New Product</h2>
        </div>
        <div class="pull-right">
            <a class="btn btn-primary" href="{{ route('products.index') }}"> Back</a>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
   
@if ($errors->any())
    <div class="alert alert-danger">
        <strong>Whoops!</strong> There were some problems with your input.<br><br>
        <ul>
            @foreach ($errors->all() as $error)
                <li>{{ $error }}</li>
            @endforeach
        </ul>
    </div>
@endif
   
<form action="{{ route('products.store') }}" method="POST">
    @csrf
  
     <div class="row">
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
            <div class="form-group">
                <strong>Name:</strong>
                <input type="text" name="name" class="form-control" placeholder="Name">
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
            <div class="form-group">
                <strong>Detail:</strong>
                <textarea class="form-control" style="height:150px" name="detail" placeholder="Detail"></textarea>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12 text-center">
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
        </div>
    </div>
   
</form>
@endsection
resources/views/products/edit.blade.php

@extends('products.layout')
   
@section('content')
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
            <div class="pull-left">
                <h2>Edit Product</h2>
            </div>
            <div class="pull-right">
                <a class="btn btn-primary" href="{{ route('products.index') }}"> Back</a>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
   
    @if ($errors->any())
        <div class="alert alert-danger">
            <strong>Whoops!</strong> There were some problems with your input.<br><br>
            <ul>
                @foreach ($errors->all() as $error)
                    <li>{{ $error }}</li>
                @endforeach
            </ul>
        </div>
    @endif
  
    <form action="{{ route('products.update',$product->id) }}" method="POST">
        @csrf
        @method('PUT')
   
         <div class="row">
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <strong>Name:</strong>
                    <input type="text" name="name" value="{{ $product->name }}" class="form-control" placeholder="Name">
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <strong>Detail:</strong>
                    <textarea class="form-control" style="height:150px" name="detail" placeholder="Detail">{{ $product->detail }}</textarea>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12 text-center">
              <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
            </div>
        </div>
   
    </form>
@endsection

resources/views/products/show.blade.php

@extends('products.layout')
  
@section('content')
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
            <div class="pull-left">
                <h2> Show Product</h2>
            </div>
            <div class="pull-right">
                <a class="btn btn-primary" href="{{ route('products.index') }}"> Back</a>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
   
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
            <div class="form-group">
                <strong>Name:</strong>
                {{ $product->name }}
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
            <div class="form-group">
                <strong>Details:</strong>
                {{ $product->detail }}
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
@endsection

Run Laravel App

Type the given below command and hit enter to run the Laravel app:

php artisan serve

Now, move to your web browser, type the given URL and view the app output:

http://localhost:8000/products

You will see the layout below:

Like Page

laravel CRUD Application

 


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