Laravel 9 Ajax CRUD Tutorial Example

In this article, we will take up an example of ajax Laravel 9 crud with a popup modal. In this example, we will be creating a “products” table with “name” and “details” columns. We will make use of yajra datatable to list a record with pagination, sorting, and filter (search). The bootstrap 5 modal is used to create new records and update the new records. Use the resource routes to create a crud (create read update delete) application in Laravel.

Let’s follow the below steps to create an insert update delete using ajax in the Laravel app.

See the below preview of the ajax crud app.

crud ajax laravel

Create Page

create project laravel ajax

Edit Page

edit page laravel

Step 1: Install Laravel

If you have not created the Laravel app, then you may go ahead and execute the below command:

composer create-project laravel/laravel example-app

Step 2: Install Yajra Datatable

Install the yajra datatable composer package for the data table, use the below command:

composer require yajra/laravel-datatables-oracle

After that, you need to set providers and alias.

config/app.php

.....
'providers' => [
    ....
    Yajra\DataTables\DataTablesServiceProvider::class,
]
'aliases' => [
    ....
    'DataTables' => Yajra\DataTables\Facades\DataTables::class,
]
.....

Read Also: Laravel 9 CRUD Application Tutorial Example

Step 3: Database Configuration

Make use of database configuration like the database name, username, etc for our crud application of Laravel. Open the

<?php
  
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
  
return new class extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('products', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('name');
            $table->text('detail');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }
    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('products');
    }
};

and fill in all details like as below:

 .env

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=here your database name(blog)
DB_USERNAME=here database username(root)
DB_PASSWORD=here database password(root)

Step 4: Create Migration Table

Create an ajax crud application for the product. Create migration for “products” table using Laravel php artisan command, so first fire bellow command:

php artisan make:migration create_products_table --create=products

After this command you will find one file in the following path “database/migrations” and you have to put the below code in your migration file to create a products table.

<?php
  
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
  
return new class extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('products', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('name');
            $table->text('detail');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }
    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('products');
    }
};

Now you have to run this migration by the following command:

php artisan migrate

Step 5: Create Route

Now, we will be adding a resourcrouteste for the product ajax crud application. Open your “routes/web.php” file and add the following route.

routes/web.php

<?php
  
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
  
use App\Http\Controllers\ProductAjaxController;
  
/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Web Routes
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here is where you can register web routes for your application. These
| routes are loaded by the RouteServiceProvider within a group that
| contains the "web" middleware group. Now create something great!
|
*/
  
Route::resource('products-ajax-crud', ProductAjaxController::class);

Step 6: Add Controller and Model

Create a new controller as ProductAjaxController. Run the below command and create a new controller.

Copy and paste the below code into the ProductAjaxController.php file.

app/Http/Controllers/ProductAjaxController.php

<?php
           
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
            
use App\Models\Product;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use DataTables;
          
class ProductAjaxController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Display a listing of the resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function index(Request $request)
    {
     
        if ($request->ajax()) {
  
            $data = Product::latest()->get();
  
            return Datatables::of($data)
                    ->addIndexColumn()
                    ->addColumn('action', function($row){
   
                           $btn = '<a href="javascript:void(0)" data-toggle="tooltip"  data-id="'.$row->id.'" data-original-title="Edit" class="edit btn btn-primary btn-sm editProduct">Edit</a>';
   
                           $btn = $btn.' <a href="javascript:void(0)" data-toggle="tooltip"  data-id="'.$row->id.'" data-original-title="Delete" class="btn btn-danger btn-sm deleteProduct">Delete</a>';
    
                            return $btn;
                    })
                    ->rawColumns(['action'])
                    ->make(true);
        }
        
        return view('productAjax');
    }
       
    /**
     * Store a newly created resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function store(Request $request)
    {
        Product::updateOrCreate([
                    'id' => $request->product_id
                ],
                [
                    'name' => $request->name, 
                    'detail' => $request->detail
                ]);        
     
        return response()->json(['success'=>'Product saved successfully.']);
    }
    /**
     * Show the form for editing the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function edit($id)
    {
        $product = Product::find($id);
        return response()->json($product);
    }
    
    /**
     * Remove the specified resource from storage.
     *
     * @param  \App\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function destroy($id)
    {
        Product::find($id)->delete();
      
        return response()->json(['success'=>'Product deleted successfully.']);
    }
}

Run the below command, you will find “app/Models/Product.php” and put the below content in the Product.php file:

app/Models/Product.php

<?php
 
namespace App\Models;
  
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
  
class Product extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;
  
    /**
     * Write code on Method
     *
     * @return response()
     */
    protected $fillable = [
        'name', 'detail'
    ];
}

Step 7: Add Blade Files

Create just only one blade file as a productAjax.blade.php file.

Create the following file and put the below code.

 resources/views/productAjax.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Laravel Ajax CRUD Tutorial Example</title>
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/twitter-bootstrap/4.1.3/css/bootstrap.min.css" />
    <link href="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.16/css/jquery.dataTables.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.19/css/dataTables.bootstrap4.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.1/jquery.js"></script>  
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery-validate/1.19.0/jquery.validate.js"></script>
    <script src="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.16/js/jquery.dataTables.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.3/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
    <script src="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.19/js/dataTables.bootstrap4.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
      
<div class="container">
    <h1>Laravel Ajax CRUD Tutorial Example</h1>
    <a class="btn btn-success" href="javascript:void(0)" id="createNewProduct"> Create New Product</a>
    <table class="table table-bordered data-table">
        <thead>
            <tr>
                <th>No</th>
                <th>Name</th>
                <th>Details</th>
                <th width="280px">Action</th>
            </tr>
        </thead>
        <tbody>
        </tbody>
    </table>
</div>
     
<div class="modal fade" id="ajaxModel" aria-hidden="true">
    <div class="modal-dialog">
        <div class="modal-content">
            <div class="modal-header">
                <h4 class="modal-title" id="modelHeading"></h4>
            </div>
            <div class="modal-body">
                <form id="productForm" name="productForm" class="form-horizontal">
                   <input type="hidden" name="product_id" id="product_id">
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label for="name" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Name</label>
                        <div class="col-sm-12">
                            <input type="text" class="form-control" id="name" name="name" placeholder="Enter Name" value="" maxlength="50" required="">
                        </div>
                    </div>
       
                    <div class="form-group">
                        <label class="col-sm-2 control-label">Details</label>
                        <div class="col-sm-12">
                            <textarea id="detail" name="detail" required="" placeholder="Enter Details" class="form-control"></textarea>
                        </div>
                    </div>
        
                    <div class="col-sm-offset-2 col-sm-10">
                     <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" id="saveBtn" value="create">Save changes
                     </button>
                    </div>
                </form>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
      
</body>
      
<script type="text/javascript">
  $(function () {
      
    /*------------------------------------------
     --------------------------------------------
     Pass Header Token
     --------------------------------------------
     --------------------------------------------*/ 
    $.ajaxSetup({
          headers: {
              'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
          }
    });
      
    /*------------------------------------------
    --------------------------------------------
    Render DataTable
    --------------------------------------------
    --------------------------------------------*/
    var table = $('.data-table').DataTable({
        processing: true,
        serverSide: true,
        ajax: "{{ route('products-ajax-crud.index') }}",
        columns: [
            {data: 'DT_RowIndex', name: 'DT_RowIndex'},
            {data: 'name', name: 'name'},
            {data: 'detail', name: 'detail'},
            {data: 'action', name: 'action', orderable: false, searchable: false},
        ]
    });
      
    /*------------------------------------------
    --------------------------------------------
    Click to Button
    --------------------------------------------
    --------------------------------------------*/
    $('#createNewProduct').click(function () {
        $('#saveBtn').val("create-product");
        $('#product_id').val('');
        $('#productForm').trigger("reset");
        $('#modelHeading').html("Create New Product");
        $('#ajaxModel').modal('show');
    });
      
    /*------------------------------------------
    --------------------------------------------
    Click to Edit Button
    --------------------------------------------
    --------------------------------------------*/
    $('body').on('click', '.editProduct', function () {
      var product_id = $(this).data('id');
      $.get("{{ route('products-ajax-crud.index') }}" +'/' + product_id +'/edit', function (data) {
          $('#modelHeading').html("Edit Product");
          $('#saveBtn').val("edit-user");
          $('#ajaxModel').modal('show');
          $('#product_id').val(data.id);
          $('#name').val(data.name);
          $('#detail').val(data.detail);
      })
    });
      
    /*------------------------------------------
    --------------------------------------------
    Create Product Code
    --------------------------------------------
    --------------------------------------------*/
    $('#saveBtn').click(function (e) {
        e.preventDefault();
        $(this).html('Sending..');
      
        $.ajax({
          data: $('#productForm').serialize(),
          url: "{{ route('products-ajax-crud.store') }}",
          type: "POST",
          dataType: 'json',
          success: function (data) {
       
              $('#productForm').trigger("reset");
              $('#ajaxModel').modal('hide');
              table.draw();
           
          },
          error: function (data) {
              console.log('Error:', data);
              $('#saveBtn').html('Save Changes');
          }
      });
    });
      
    /*------------------------------------------
    --------------------------------------------
    Delete Product Code
    --------------------------------------------
    --------------------------------------------*/
    $('body').on('click', '.deleteProduct', function () {
     
        var product_id = $(this).data("id");
        confirm("Are You sure want to delete !");
        
        $.ajax({
            type: "DELETE",
            url: "{{ route('products-ajax-crud.store') }}"+'/'+product_id,
            success: function (data) {
                table.draw();
            },
            error: function (data) {
                console.log('Error:', data);
            }
        });
    });
       
  });
</script>
</html>

Run Laravel App

Type the given below command and hit enter to run the Laravel app:

php artisan serve

Now, navigate to your web browser, type the given URL and view the app

Output

crud ajax laravel

Read Also: Laravel 9 Restrict User Access From IP Address Tutorial


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